Life introduction of Tansen | Tansen Biography in Hindi

Life introduction of Tansen (Tansen Biography in Hindi)

Thought to be the best composer in India, Tansen is credited with the creation of the classical music that dominates the north of India (Hindustani classical music).

Tansen was a singer and instrumentalist who composed many ragas. He was initially the court docket singer of Raja Ram Chand of Rewa state. It’s stated that Emperor Akbar made him his musician after studying about his distinctive musical abilities.

He turned one of many Navaratnas (9 Gems) within the court docket of the Mughal Emperor Akbar. Tansen’s life is related to many legends. A few of the commonest are his potential to create rain and hearth utilizing simply his musical abilities.

No matter stands out as the legends, the very fact can’t be denied that he was the best of all of the musicians this nation has ever produced.

Biography of Tansen

Beginning Identify Ramtanu Gadaria
Different Identify Miyan Tansen
Well-known For sharp wit and humorousness
Birthday (Birthday, 1506
delivery place (delivery place, Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh
Age 95 years (on the time of demise)
Date of Loss of life 26 April 1589
Place of Loss of life Agra, Delhi
citizenship (Citizenship) Indian
caste Brahmin
dwelling city (Hometown) Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh
faith (faith, Hindu faith
career (Occupation) Singer, Composer, Instrumentalist
Marital Standing married

Beginning and early lifetime of Tansen

Tansen was born in Gwalior, Madhya Pradesh within the yr 1506 in a Hindu household. His father Mukund Mishra was a well-known poet and a rich man.

On the time of Tansen’s delivery, his identify was Ramtanu. As a baby, Tansen might imitate birds and animals completely. It’s stated that he used to scare many clergymen and customary individuals passing by way of the forests by imitating wild animals like tigers and lions.

Legend has it that Tansen was as soon as imitating a tiger when he was seen by Swami Haridas, a well-known saint and musician cum poet. Swami Haridas acknowledged Tansen’s ability and accepted him as his disciple.

Tansen’s training ,

Tansen started his musical journey at an early age when he was chosen as a disciple by Swami Haridas. He studied music beneath him for the following ten years of his life.

Since Haridas was an exponent of the Dhrupad type of singing, Tansen developed an curiosity in Dhrupad. It’s stated that Tansen realized every thing he might from his guru.

Legend has it that after Tansen accomplished his training, he had no equal within the discipline of music besides his guru.

Tansen’s household ,

From this marriage Tansen married a Hussaini, who had 4 sons and a daughter: Surat Sen, Sarat Sen, Tarang Khan, Bilwas Khan and Saraswati.

All 5 turned completed musicians in their very own proper, the latter additionally marrying Mishra Singh of Singhalgarh, a notable veena-player. A legend states that Tansen was additionally married to Mehrunisa, a daughter of Akbar.

Tansen’s marriage, spouse ,

Not a lot info is offered about Tansen’s private life. It’s stated that he married a lady named Hussaini however there isn’t a important proof of this.

One other model of his marital life is that he married certainly one of Akbar’s daughters. Mehrunnisa is claimed to have fallen in love with Tansen and this was one of many explanation why Tansen was invited to Akbar’s court docket.

It is usually claimed that Tansen transformed to Islam simply the night time earlier than his marriage with Akbar’s daughter Mehrunnisa.

Affect of Muhammad Ghausi ,

It’s stated that Tansen was depressed after his father’s demise. He turned away from the surface world and would spend time singing in a Shiva temple. Throughout this tough interval, Muhammad Ghaus, a Sufi mystic, had a chilled affect on him.

It was he who impressed Tansen to embrace Islam. It is usually claimed that Muhammad Ghaus served as Tansen’s music trainer for a very long time, a declare that’s nonetheless a matter of debate.

It is usually stated that Muhammad Ghaus was instrumental in making Tansen study Sufism, a mystical system that he fell in love with later in his life.

Singing in Akbar’s court docket ,

Tansen was employed as a singer within the court docket of Raja Ram Chand of Rewa state. Such was his musical prowess that, tales of his brilliance and greatness unfold throughout. Quickly, Akbar got here to find out about this unimaginable musician and the nice emperor couldn’t assist however summon Tansen to his court docket.

Quickly thereafter, Tansen turned Akbar’s favourite singer and was numbered among the many Navaratnas (9 extraordinary individuals of various ability) within the emperor’s court docket. It is usually stated that Akbar introduced him with one lakh gold cash on his first efficiency within the emperor’s court docket.

Akbar’s admiration for Tansen is effectively documented. It is usually stated that different musicians and ministers had been jealous of Tansen, as he was Akbar’s favourite servant.

Tansen was honored with the prefix ‘Mian’ by Emperor Akbar and from that day he got here to be referred to as Miyan Tansen.

Miracles associated to Tansen ,

It’s stated that the nice singer might do many miracles along with his singing. A well-liked legend has it that when Akbar’s ministers determined to intentionally embarrass Tansen, they devised a plan.

The ministers approached the emperor and requested him to influence Tansen to sing Raga Deepak, a raga that was imagined to create hearth! Akbar, who was desperate to see the miracle, ordered his servants to arrange a number of lamps and Tansen was requested to mild them solely by singing. Tansen sang the raga Deepak and all of the lamps lit up collectively!

Different miracles of Tansen embody his potential to convey rain by singing the raga Megh Malhar. It’s stated that Tansen used this specific raga instantly after utilizing Raga Deepak.

It’s because Raga Megh Malhar will cool issues down as Raga Deepak will elevate the temperature of the environment. Whereas Raag Megh Malhar is current even as we speak, Raag Deepak has been misplaced with time.

Tansen was additionally well-known for speaking with animals by way of his music. It’s stated that when a fierce elephant was delivered to the court docket of Akbar. Nobody might tame the animal and all hopes rested on Tansen.

The emperor’s favourite singer not solely pacified the elephant along with his songs but additionally inspired Akbar to mount it, which in keeping with the tales Akbar did.

Tansen’s works ,

Tansen’s works had been primarily based mostly on the Hindu Puranas (mythology). He used the Dhrupad type in his compositions and infrequently wrote praises of Hindu deities similar to Shiva, Vishnu and Ganesha.

He sang his compositions in a Shiva temple in his hometown. Tansen’s compositions had been normally complicated and couldn’t be understood by bizarre musicians.

Later in his life, he began composing songs to reward Emperor Akbar and different kings.

Tansen’s contribution ,

Tansen composed many ragas together with Bhairava, Darbari Todi, Darbarikanada, Malhar, Sarang and Raageshwari. All these are thought of the idea of classical music.

Tansen is taken into account the founding father of Hindustani classical music. Actually, each faculty of music that exists as we speak in India tries to hint its origin again to him. Dhrupad type of music could have been began by him and his guru.

They’re believed to have graded ragas, which make them easy and simple to grasp. His contribution to the world of music is invaluable and therefore he’s nonetheless worshiped by outstanding singers and composers throughout the globe.

demise of tansen ,

Though it’s stated that Tansen handed away within the yr 1586, there isn’t a clear reference about the reason for his demise.

Some legends have it that he consumed himself with the flames whereas experimenting with Raga Deepak. Nonetheless, there isn’t a proof to assist this declare.

His mortal stays had been buried in Gwalior subsequent to the tomb of his Sufi grasp Muhammad Ghaus. It is usually stated {that a} tamarind tree has grown over Tansen’s grave.

It’s stated that an individual who chews on the leaves of this magical tree acquires musical information and a wonderful voice, fitted to singing.

Tansen’s Inheritance ,

All of the 5 youngsters of Tansen turned nice classical singers. Other than this, a music competition known as Tansen Samaroh is organized in Gwalior yearly within the month of December.

Held close to his samadhi, the competition attracts 1000’s of musicians and aspiring singers from throughout the nation. The Tansen Samman is an award given by the Authorities of India to excellent exponents of Hindustani classical music.

A number of movies have been produced to showcase the life story of the enigmatic singer. A few of these movies are ‘Tansen’ (1943), ‘Tansen’ (1958), ‘Sangeet Samrat Tansen’ (1962) and Baiju Bawra (1952).

Within the late Nineteen Eighties, Pakistan got here up with a tv collection that unravels the mysterious lifetime of Tansen. A author Haseena Moin got here up with the concept and it turned an prompt hit within the nation.

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